“Dairy Farming in India”- Its advantages and Production
What is Dairy Farming?
Dairy Farming refers to a type of agri-business involved in the production of milk from the domestic animals. The plants which are used in processing milk and produces other milk products which are called dairy plant of dairy. Animals which are utilized for milk production in dairy farms are called dairy animals. For milk production, in India, cows, she-buffaloes are generally used.
Advantages of Dairy Farming
- Since the dairy industry isn’t dependent on precipitation, production is conceivable even on days when the climate is exceptionally dry and hot.
- The rate at which milk is sold within the market has never gone down. Indeed, when the supply has surpassed demand it has been noticed that the cost has remained the same.
- The demand for milk has continuously expanded. Consumption of dairy items is on the rise by both veggie lovers and non-vegetarians.
- Compared to products from other industries, the marketing of milk is exceptionally easy.
- There’s no requirement for extraordinary shops and expenses of marketing are moreover low for any dairy products.
- Dairy cultivating is the only industry where income is ensured each month.
India ranks first among the world’s milk-producing Countries since 1998 and has the largest bovine populace within the World. Milk production in India amid the period 1950-51 to 2017-18, has expanded from 17 million tons to 176.4 million tons as compared to 165.4 million tons amid 2016-17 recording a growth of 6.65 %. FAO detailed a 1.46% increase in world milk production from 800.2 million tons in 2016 to 811.9(Estim) million tons in 2017. The per capita availability of milk within the nation which was 130 grams per day amid 1950-51 has expanded to 374 grams per day in 2017-18 as against the world estimated average consumption of 294 grams per day amid 2017. This represents sustained growth within the accessibility of milk and milk items for our developing populace.
How to start a Dairy Business
Like any other business, it is imperative to study the market that one wishes to serve such as the topography, Livelihoods, and the household types (Nuclear or Joint) in order to analyze what type of milk will sell the finest. Whether one wishes to launch a Bovine Dairy Cultivate or a Buffalo Dairy Farm will depend on the fat consumption and requirement of the market. Buffalo Milk is high in fat whereas Cow Milk has a lower fat substance.
Following things should be evaluated before starting a Dairy Farm
- Nutritious Fodder
It is also very critical to know the nutritious food for the cows or cattle. Providing your cattle with clean drinking water is of incredible significance. No animal requires clean drinking water as much as a milk-producing creature requires. To produce 1 litre of fresh milk cattle requires 5 liters of clean and fresh water.
It is also very critical to know the nutritious food for the cows or cattle. Providing your cattle with clean drinking water is of incredible significance. No animal requires clean drinking water as much as a milk-producing creature requires. To produce 1 litre of fresh milk cattle requires 5 liters of clean and fresh water. Coming to food, always nourish cattle with loads of green fodder. Usually, people consider buying feed within the crest seasons of Rakshbandhan to Baisakhi as the climate in those months favors the growth of green grasses and thus, enough green fodder is accessible. Green fodder helps in producing more milk and spares the cost of nourishing for the owner. Timothy, Clover, and Horse feed are the most excellent kinds of green fodder to be given to cattle.
- Breed Quality
You wish to keep it in your intellect. While purchaisng the cattle, try to cattle the milk 3 times before buying. For a buffalo, normal milk production ought to be a least 12 litres and for dairy animals, it ought to be a least 16-17 litres.
- Disease- Free
The foremost important thing to keep in mind before you begin the commerce of dairy. It is suggested to have a veterinary specialist nearby to the farm to ensure ease of access and availability. Continuously keep the cattle inoculated timely by a veterinary specialist. Leave them loosened in a shed to keep them fit, as moving openly will decrease bloating in them. In case the dairy farm has over 100 cows/buffalos at that point it is exceedingly suggested to appoint the Vet on the farm itself.
- Clean and Hygienic House
The basic prerequisite to keep your bovines and cattle stay upbeat and pick up more efficiently. It ought to be well ventilated; floors ought to be non-slippery. The shed should be away from the roadside at a slightest 900 sq.mt away and not be situated at lower lying zones as amid heavy downpours water will fill up those zones first. By and large, 40-80-sq. ft open space is required per animal.
All the cows require should be provided in its prompt environment so that the cow’s energy is devoted to milk generation. The dairy industry must coordinate the nourishing system, hereditary information, progressed draining framework, milk transport, and processing facilities, authoritative errands, and talented manpower.