Niche Frequently Asked Questions
Agriculture in India
Agriculture is a Latin word, where “Agri” means field, and “culture” means cultivating the land. Agriculture is the science and practice of farming including the cultivation of the soil to grow crops and raise livestock and animal husbandry. It is an occupation concerned with raising land crops, breeding, and feeding livestock or poultry.
Horticulture is a narrow concept for agriculture. It is a subdivision of agriculture which includes gardening of plants and only deals with cultivation processes. Whereas, Agriculture is a broader concept which deals with the growing of food crops and the rearing of animals for farming.
Related to agriculture and farming, a dried flower business, vermicompost business, fertilizer distribution business, hydroponic retail store, organic green farmhouse business, poultry farming are some of the business ones that can start.
The agricultural sector in India plays a vital role as it covers 70% of the rural population and the income and sustainability of rural households depend on Agriculture. Contributing 17% to the total Gross Domestic Production (GDP) and providing more than 60% employment to the population, Indian Agriculture is an important sector of the Indian economy.
The Ministry of Agriculture is headed by Minister Narendra Singh Tomar. He heads the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and is one of the cabinet ministers of the Government of India.
The top countries which are the first runners in having sustainable agriculture sectors are France, the Netherlands and Canada.
Agricultural Production Management prepares students for employment in the food production chain. It is a specialization that emphasizes the application of the principles of science and management to operation of agricultural production.
Agriculture is majorly dependent on industry for supply of raw materials in infrastructure of social and economic overheads in the sector of agriculture. Further, many raw materials and inputs used in industrial production like cotton, jute, sugarcane etc are supplied by the agricultural sector.
If the crops are farmed properly, agriculture leads to surplus of food and is stored in warehouses, for future activities and emergency.
Agricultural Department refers to the federal department that administers the programs and provides services to the farmers including research and conservation of soils and efforts to stabilize the economy created in 1862.
In older times, tools used in agriculture are tractor, combine, plough fertilizer, and many others. But, with these modern techniques tools like transportation, cultivation, new irrigation facilities like drip irrigation, and other pest control systems for better sustainability and cultivation.
In a few hubs around the world, it probably started first in Fertile Crescent, a region in Near east including parts of modern-day Syria, Israel, Jordan.
Minister Dada Bhuse is the agricultural minister of Maharashtra.
Agricultural communities created around 10,000 years back when people started to cultivate plants and creatures. By building up home life, families and bigger bunches were able to construct communities and move from a roaming hunter-gatherer lifestyle subordinate to scavenging and chasing for survival.
When early people started cultivating, they were able to create sufficient food that they no longer had to migrate to their nourishment source. This implied they may construct permanent structures, and create villages, towns, and in the long run indeed cities. Closely associated with the rise of settled societies was an increment in population.
Indian agriculture started by 9000 BCE in north-west India as a result of the early development of plants and the domestication of crops and creatures. Settled life soon followed with implements and strategies being created for agribusiness. A double rainstorm drove to two harvests being harvested in one year.
The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees.
While the role of farming as a driver of overall development would decrease over time alongside its share in GDP, the encounter of today's center pay nations recommends that its part in destitution and starvation diminishment would proceed to be significant.
(i)Agribusiness is the pillar of the Indian economy because approximately 60% of our populace depends directly or indirectly on agribusiness.
(ii) It gives crude materials to industries.
(iii) India gains foreign trade by exporting agrarian items.
(iv) It gives food to over 1210.2 million populace.
The contrast between farming and agriculture is evident like, farming alludes to the development of plants and crops and it is also a part of agribusiness while agribusiness deals with the cattle and cultivating.
In Prairies, Plantation agriculture and commercial grain farming is practised.
Sickle is an agricultural tool that is designed to harvest the crops and cut off the grasses in the farm land.
Humans invented agribusiness amid the Neolithic period, or the Modern Stone Age, which happened between 7,000 and 10,000 a long time prior.
Agrarian wastewater treatment may be a farm administration agenda for controlling contamination from surface runoff that will be contaminated by chemicals in manure, pesticides, animal slurry, crop residues, or water system water.
The positive effect of GST on the Agribusiness Sector:
Input Tax Credit – GST would give each dealer, the input credit for the tax paid on each value addition. This will make a transparent, hassle-free supply chain which would lead to free development of agri-commodities over India.
Yes, if we look at the future, there are already trends in transforming agriculture globally. Enhanced hybridization, artificial intelligence, and precision agriculture can improve the future of farming.
Indian Agriculture is plagued by several problems. The loss of agricultural land is the major problem faced in agriculture. hence, it becomes more difficult to grow the amount of food needed to feed the hunger of this growing population. Moreover, the negligence of natural resources, degrading biodiversity, lack of investment in agriculture, and irrigation facilities are some of the biggest problems faced in agriculture.
Agriculture is the largest industry and a better source of the environment across the nation. Agriculture provides a great scope of employment and career in India like you can be an agricultural engineer, agricultural manager, aquatic ecologist, agricultural specialist, arborist, and many more.
Norman Ernest Borlaug is considered as the “father of agriculture”. He was an American agricultural scientist and humanitarian. He also wins the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his life’s works.
In the present scenario, conserving the environment should be our top-notch. By adopting sustainable practices,
- Farmers' reliance on non-renewable resources will get reduced, thus saving scarce resources.
- Keeping the land healthy and replenished for a long way and demand for food.
- Helps in maintaining soil quality.
- Reduction in soil erosion.
- Helps in preserving water.
Machine Learning is everywhere throughout the whole growing and harvesting cycle. This mostly dominates in the field of crop management and machine learning could be the new future for agriculture.
The use of water in the agricultural sector helps and makes it possible to produce fruits and vegetables and raise livestock. Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticides, fertilizers and frost control.
Agriculture highly contributes to the climate change with greenhouse gases emissions and conversion of forests and other non-agricultural lands into agricultural land. According to the studies conducted in 2010, agriculture contributes approximately 20-25% of global annual emissions.
Agriculture provides us many desired products and nurture our basic wants by cultivating plants and raising livestock.
Agrarian items imply crops, animals, and livestock items, including but not constrained to field crops, natural products, vegetables, agricultural specialties, cattle, sheep, hogs, goats, steeds, poultry, fur-bearing animals, drain eggs, and hides.
Agriculture is a Latin word derived from “Agri” meaning land and “Culture” means cultivation.
Jai Parkash Dalal is the agricultural minister of Haryana.
Sustainable agribusiness is cultivating in feasible ways, which suggests meeting society's present nourishment and material needs, without compromising the capacity for current or future generations to meet their needs. It can be based on an understanding of ecosystem services.
A loan allowed for brief duration crops will be treated as NPA if the portion of the principal or interest consequently remains late for two crop seasons. A credit allowed for long duration crops will be treated as NPA if the instalment of principal or interest consequently remains late for one crop season.
Sometime around 12,000 years back, our hunter-gatherer predecessors started attempting their hand at cultivating. To begin with, they developed wild assortments of crops like peas, lentils, and grain and herded wild creatures like goats and wild oxen.
Agriculture is vital not only for the Supply of Food but also for the Provision of Crude Materials for other Businesses such as Textiles, Sugar, Jute, Vegetable oil, and Tobacco. Farming isn't only an Occupation for Individuals but moreover a Way of life. Most Customs and Cultures within the World spin around Agribusiness.
The misfortune of agricultural land is due to a great extent to land debasements, such as erosion, which is when soil components move from one area to another by wind or water. Rural land is additionally being lost since it is being converted for other purposes, such as interstates, housing and manufacturing plants.
Land utilization such as for deforestation and desertification, together with the utilization of fossil powers, are the major anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide; agribusiness itself is the major supporter of increasing methane and nitrous oxide concentrations in earth's air.
The practice of agribusiness is additionally known as "farming", whereas researchers, creators, and others committed to improving cultivating strategies and implements are moreover said to be locked in in agribusiness. ... Modern farming expands well past the conventional production of nourishment for humans and creature feeds.
Agriculture is a seasonal activity because it is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting.
Q41) Which agriculture is mostly practised in the prairies?
In Prairies, Plantation agriculture and commercial grain farming is practised.
In FY19, export of agricultural and processed food products totalled US$ 38.49 billion. During the period, top commodities to be exported were basmati rice (US$ 4.71 billion), buffalo meat (US$ 3.58 billion) and non-basmati rice (US$ 3.00 billion).
Agriculture is primary occupation in India. Agricultural sector is also referred as the primary sector of the economy of India.
Agrarian policy depicts a set of laws relating to domestic farming and imports of foreign rural products. Governments usually execute agricultural approaches with the objective of accomplishing a particular result within the domestic rural product markets.
Numerous critical natural issues are tied to agriculture, such as climate alter, dead zones, hereditary building, poisons, deforestation, soil debasement, waste, and numerous others. Deforestation could be an enormous side impact of farming that incredibly impacts our planet and the environment.
JET Agriculture 2020 Counselling will begin from 17th October 2020.
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