“Introduction to Organic Farming”
History of Organic Farming
The concepts of Organic Farming were created within the early 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, F.H. Lord, Rudolf Steiner, and others who accepted that the utilization of animal excrements (regularly made into compost), cover crops, trim revolution, and biologically and organically based pest controls resulted in the better farming system.
What is Organic Farming?
Organic Farming could be a strategy of crops and animal production that includes no utilization of pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified life forms, anti-microbials, and development hormones providing attentive care that advances health and wellbeing and meets the behavioral needs of livestock.
Organic Farming definition in Simple Words
Organic Farming refers to an agricultural practice with zero use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Methods of Organic Farming
Organic Farming is done to discharge nutrients to the crops for expanded sustainable production in an eco-friendly and pollution-free environment. It aims to produce crops with a high value of nutrients and minerals. There are different methods by which organic farming is practiced are as follows:
- Crop Diversity
Polyculture is one of the methods of Organic Farming in which several varieties of crops are cultivated simultaneously to meet the demand of a growing population.
- Soil Management
After the cultivation of crops, the soil loses its supplements and nutrients and its quality depletes. Organic Agriculture utilizes natural ways to extend the fertility and health of the soil. It focuses on the use of microscopic organisms that’s present in animal excretion which makes the soil nutrients more productive to upgrade the fertility of the soil.
Types of Organic Farming
Organic farming is divided into two types, namely:
- Pure organic farming
- Integrated organic farming
Pure organic cultivating implies avoiding all unnatural chemicals. In this process of cultivating, all the fertilizer and pesticide are obtained from natural sources such as bone meal or blood meal.
Integrated organic farming incorporates the integration of pest management and nutrients management to attain environmental requirements and economic demands.
Advantages of Organic Farming
In organic agriculture, no costly fertilizers, pesticides, HYV seeds are required for ranching of crops. In this manner, no additional expenses are to be incurred.
- Good return on Investment
With the utilization of cheaper and local inputs, an agriculturist can make a great return on investment.
- High Demand
There’s a gigantic demand for the organic item in India and over the globe, producing more income through export.
As compared to chemical fertilizer utilized items, organic products are more dietary, delicious, and great for health.
The cultivation of the organic product is free of chemicals and fertilizers, so it doesn’t harm the environment.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming
The major issue of organic cultivating is the lack of Inadequate infrastructure and marketing of the product.
- Less production
The organic cultivating products are lesser in the initial years as compared to the chemical product. So, the agriculturists discover it troublesome to accommodate huge scale production.
- Shorter shelf-life
Organic products have more blemishes and shorter shelf life than the chemical product
- Limited production
Low season crops are restricted and have fewer choices in organic cultivating.
Organic Farming benefits
Organic farming contains a littler carbon impression, preserves and builds soil health, replenishes common biological systems for cleaner water and air, all without poisonous pesticide residues.
Organic Farming by HarisharanDevgan
HarisharanDevgan is one of the most decorated farmers in the Organic Pomegranate farming industry, due to whom, Niche Agriculture is now booming in the market. Both hard and smart works Of Mr. HarisharanDevgan show the results as well cultivated, quality, and seedy organic pomegranates. Thanks to him, these fruits are now being exported all over India along with abroad. People really like the taste, quality, and freshness of Organic Pomegranate produced in Niche Agriculture.
Organic Farming Challenges
- It is difficult to convince farmers to adopt Organic Farming as it is a bit expensive and involves constant expenditure.
- It can create a disparity in the two major factors of the Economy: Supply and Demand.
- Shortage of organic seeds.
- The price of Organic Produce is high-priced.
Organic Farming courses in Delhi
1) M.Sc. in Agro-Chemicals & Pest Management Course in New Delhi
2) M.Sc. Seed Science and Technology Course
3) Ph.D. Agricultural Extension Course
4) CERTIFICATE IN SERICULTURE Course
Niche Agriculture Organic Farming
“Tasty Food with Zero Adulteration”
It is the most exciting feeling to taste the food that will deliver you the best health and getting a feeling of contentment and satisfaction that the food you are eating is free of injection and any chemical techniques to grow them. Niche Agriculture is at best with this.
Before the growth and development of synthesized fertilizers and practices of using a chemical treatment to grow fruits and vegetables, organic farming comes up as the mainstream form of agriculture. Entomology and environmental science, protecting the fertility of the soil, plant pathology is all the combined factors of organic farming.
Organic Farming is done on Niche Farms located in the state of Andhra Pradesh at Anantapur and Tamil Nadu at Madurai. Niche Farms have approximately 2000 hectares of land where all the fruits and vegetables are grown organically. More than 50 varied fruits, herbs are grown and managed organically.
Pomegranate Farms are the largest organic farm hold by Niche Agriculture Ltd. Niche Natural Pomegranates are considered as the foremost nutritious and top-notch natural products which have high-quality proteins alongside sweet and delicate arils.
Organic Farming future in Sikkim
Sikkim is the primary state in the world that’s 100% organic: All of its farmland is certified natural. The policy implemented a phase-out of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and achieved a total boycott on the deal and utilization of chemical pesticides within the state. The move has benefitted more than 66,000 cultivating families.
Organic Farming future in India
Organic agriculture will prosper in India and will be contributing to feeding up approximately 1.5 billion people by 2030. According to statistics reported by Assocham and TechSci, the organic farming market in India will be reaching around $1.36 billion by 2020 with a growth rate of 25-30% per year.