Pomegranate aka Punica granatum is quite an important fruit cultivated in India. It is known to have its roots in Iran, and extensively Pomegranate farming is done in Mediterranean countries like Morocco, Iran, Afghanistan, Spain, and Baluchistan. It is also extorted in some parts of China, Myanmar, the USA, and India.
India ranks at the top for pomegranate harvesting in the world. Prominent pomegranate-producing states in India include Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra. Amongst all the states, Maharashtra leads with a 90 thousand ha area with a yearly production of 9.45 lakh Mt tones and 10.5 Mt/ha production. Maharashtra state accounts for 78% of India’s overall area, and 84% of its absolute production.
Pomegranate is packed with nutrients like minerals, vitamins, and proteins. It can generously help recover people during illness and help improve the production of hemoglobin in the body. If you are looking forward to switching to organic farming, pomegranate cultivation can be your best bet to gain high returns on your investment. Here are 5 tips for binger farmers who are new to organic farming and wish to stop the use of hazardous chemical fertilizers.
Before you get your hands on organic pomegranate farming, it is very important to know the right climate conditions to grow the best quality fruits for better profits. Pomegranate cultivation is known to be a dry and semi-arid crop, where cool winters and dry summer climates help grow the best quality fruits. Pomegranate plants are capable of tolerating cold weather and can even handle frost to a certain extent.
The ideal climate for growing the best quality organic pomegranate is between 35 – 38 ° C and the land above 500m above sea level is more suitable for pomegranate farming.
One of the most essential aspects of farming is to undermine soil quality. It can help the plant grow better and offer more yield per acre. Interestingly the pomegranate plant can grow in different soil conditions and is capable of adapting to the low and high fertile soil. Still, the pomegranate plant offers excellent yield in a loamy soil. However, it can also bare the alkalinity and salinity in the soil to a limited extent. Soil with a pH level ranging between 6.5 – 7.5 pH is ideal for pomegranate cultivation.
- Tissue Culture Propagation
Tissue culture is a modern technique to multiply the plants. This technique is used to generate diseases free plants and improve overall yield within a short span. It is generally practiced in plant nurseries, but it ultimately results in a reliable overall cultivation process.
- Fertilizer Management
Pomegranates require limited fertilizers which can be an added advantage for organic farmers. Organic farming directly implies that one cannot use any chemical-based fertilizers and pesticides. So many traditional farmers consider it to be a setback as they believe that it reduces the overall yield and reduces profits.
But, today we will explore the ins and outs of organic farming and how it can excide your overall income. People prefer organic fruits as they are chemical-free and are safe for overall health. One of the best sources of organic fertilizers includes cow dunk and cured house waste.
Using cow dunk offers ample nitrogen and essential compost which is suitable for plant nourishment and it also improves the overall soil’s moisture-locking capability.
- Irrigation Process
Pomegranates require limited water and can even survive minor droughts. Still one should consider irrigating their land on regular bases to avoid the splitting of fruits. Splinted pomegranates depreciate in their value and are not easy to roll out in the export market. Generally, in pomegranate farming, drip irrigation is quite famous. It helps in saving water and evenly waters all the plants in the field.
Moreover, it is a one-time investment and reduces the overall irrigation expenditure. So it is highly recommended to switch to drip irrigation for obtaining export quality pomegranates.
By following these simple tips and tricks new farmers who are willing to switch to organic farming and easily go ahead with organic cultivation and generate sustainable profits. If you want to learn more about the scope and advantages of organic farming do visit www.nicheagriculture.com and help make the earth a better place for all.